Kitchen Design Recommendations

Work Centers (frequency of use)

  • Sink/Clean-up (35%)
  • Cooking (25%)
  • Preparation (20%)
  • Serving (10%)
  • Refrigeration (10%)

Space Planning

  • Clearance

    • Entryway – 32”
    • Cabinet Clearance – 36”
    • Work Aisle (single cook) – 42”
    • Work Aisle (more than 1 cook) – 48”
  • Work Triangle (sink/cooking/refrigerator)

    • Total of all three legs of triangle – 26’ or less
    • No single leg greater than 9’ or less than 4’
  • Countertop

    • Seating

      • 42” high countertop – 12” overhang, 25” per seat
      • 36” high countertop – 15” overhang, 24” per seat
      • 30” high countertop – 12” overhang, 24” per seat
    • Clearance

      • 44” of walking clearance between countertop/table to any other obstacle
      • 36” of clearance between countertop/table to any obstacle, if no traffic
      • 24” of countertop on 1 side of sink, 18” on other side of sink
  • Cabinets

    • Wall cabinets

      • 144” of cabinet frontage – kitchen less than 150 sf in size
      • 186” of cabinet frontage – kitchen greater than 150 sf in size
      • Minimum of 60” of cabinets within 72” of middle of sink
    • Base cabinets

      • 156” of cabinet frontage – kitchen less than 150 sf in size
      • 192” of cabinet frontage – kitchen greater than 150 sf in size
  • Countertops

    • 132” of countertop frontage (min 16” deep) – kitchen less than 150 sf in size
    • 198” of countertop frontage (min 16” deep) – kitchen greater than 150 sf in size
    • 21” of standing room from edge of dishwasher to corner of countertop
    • Edge of dishwasher should be within 36” of edge of sink
    • Minimum of 36” of countertop accessible for food preparation
    • Minimum of 15” of countertop landing space available within 48” from refrigerator
  • Ventilation Hoods

    • If hood is 21” above cooktop, it should extend 15-17” from wall
    • If hood is 24” above cooktop, it should extend 18-21” from wall
    • If hood is 30” above cooktop, it should extend 24” from wall
    • Hood should be 6” wider than cooking surface
  • Lighting

    • Distance from pendant light fixtures to top of countertop – 30”